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What Are Ferrous Metals?

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Ferrous metals are different compounds that contain and are bound with iron. “Ferrous” is derived from the Latin word, ferrum, which translates to “iron.” Ferrous metals contain a unique set of properties that make them vastly different from non-ferrous metals. Each type has its own set of uses. Let’s take a deeper look at ferrous metals and how they fit into the wire mesh panels world. 

The History of Ferrous Metals 

The Iron Age was a time period in human history that started somewhere in between 1200 B.C. and 600 B.C. depending on the region you are from. During this time period, craftsmen started utilizing iron and steel to make weapons and tools. In contrast to the prior age, the Bronze Age, workers used iron here and there but generally saw it as a substance that lacked many uses. The start of the Iron Age and the rise of iron usage started due to craftsmen learning how to make steel, which is the heating of iron with carbon. Steel created a durable, harder replacement to bronze, thus kicking off the Iron Age. 

Properties of Ferrous Metals

Ferrous metals are most commonly used in construction, shipping, piping, automobiles, and much more. These projects prioritize durability and limiting vulnerability to rust. Types of ferrous metals like wrought iron and stainless steel allow for durability and more protection against rust. Most ferrous metals are magnetic and are used in the production of specific products such as refrigerators, motors, and electrical pieces. 

Types of Ferrous Metals

There are four main types of ferrous metals that have a wide range of uses. Here is the list of the four: 

  • Stainless Steel: Stainless steel is one of the most durable ferrous metals due to its ability to self-heal when it gets damaged. It is heat and corrosion resistant while maintaining its durability and offering long-term value. Stainless steel is used in a variety of ways such as kitchen utensils, cookware, and so forth. Anything utilizing food uses stainless steel due to its ability to handle food’s acidity and heat. 
  • Wrought Iron: Wrought iron is another durable ferrous metal. This ferrous family member is an alloy that contains very little carbon. The addition of slag during its creation allows for it to be resistant to oxidation and corrosion. Wrought iron is most commonly used for chains, barbed wires, and railings. 
  • Cast Iron: Cast iron is a strong and brittle ferrous metal that is used in manufacturing engine blocks and manhole covers. Cast iron is extremely strong but very brittle.
  • Carbon Steel: Carbon steel is one of the hardest forms of steel due to its high carbon content. Carbon steel is used in the creation of high-end machine tools, drills, and blades.

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